The ABCs of Providing CI Through Remote Instruction: Z is for ZoomIt

Yay, I’ve made it to the end of this A-Z series!

When I started this series last year, I never thought that so many educators would still be conducting instruction remotely over a year after they started. But here we are, and many of us have spent the last year teaching in some sort of remote or hybrid model. We have become very adept at navigating much of the technology that seemed so new and exciting to us a year ago when I started blogging about it in this series.

When I got the idea to begin this series, I was sure that this, my last installment, would be about using Zoom, the meeting software that allows people to hold meetings remotely. But that was a year ago when hardly anyone had heard of it or used it that much. But now it’s a year later, and I think much has been written and said about how to use Zoom and similar applications like Microsoft Teams or Google Meet and all their features in an education setting. We’re tired of virtual classes, saying “You’re muted,” and teaching to black screens. We’re so over Zoom. So instead, I’ve decided to use this post to talk about another application called ZoomIt.

ZoomIt is a downloadable tool that allows users to annotate on and zoom in and out on their computer screens. It is a piece of software that users can download. Once it’s installed, it stays dormant until the user activates it . Once activated, users can customize keyboard shortcuts to operate it. It also plays very nicely with other software on computers, including virtual meeting technology like Zoom or Google Meet.

I heard about ZoomIt from Brett Chonko, how maintains a YouTube channel called Comprehensible RVA. You can click on the picture below to access his video demonstrating this software.

I have been using Zoom for over a year now and I know that Zoom has a feature that allows users to annotate directly on the screen. My school district disabled that feature, however, to prevent mischievous youngsters from being able to use it, so I found this tool to be handy as a workaround to that. And I am not familiar enough with other virtual meeting software to know if the ability to annotate is available, so if not, teachers may want to explore using this software if they are interested in annotating anything on their computer.

Thanks to everyone who kept up with my A-Z series. I hope you found something useful in these posts and that you will stick around for future, non-pandemic teaching thoughts on this blog!

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The ABCs of Providing CI Through Remote Instruction: Y is for Yes, You Can Assess Remotely

I consider myself to be fortunate enough to teach at a school that did away with traditional letter/percentage grades last spring in favor of a progress report. The administrators realized that we would not be measuring true ability in the subject matter but would instead be assessing things like the students’ ability to work successfully in the remote setting, stability of their home life, access to electronic devices and reliable Wi-Fi, and other issues of inequity that hinder academic performance.

That all changed when I came back in August to teach in a hybrid/remote setting. The feedback the administration had received was that parents wanted the school to return to traditional grades. The spring progress report was OUT and the old letter/percentage report card was back IN (Let me digress for a moment to say how disappointed I was in this decision, because my assumption is that those parents whose feedback we decided to honor are those whose children don’t have many equity issues with remote learning. Education is full of instances of nice white parents calling the shots).

Since I was now responsible for supplying a letter grade, I had to figure out what and how to assess both accurately and equitably but also design activities and tasks that limited student dishonesty. I’ll talk about both of those in the remainder of this post. First, I will talk about the day-to-day grades that students earned in class and then I will describe how I calculated final quarter averages.

Here’s a list, in no particular order, of how I approached my day-to-day grades:

  1. I counted as many grades as possible for completion only (Completed/Missing).
  2. I counted as many graded activities as possible as formative assessments.
  3. I used Google Forms in Locked mode for quick assessments, because students couldn’t click out of the form until it was completed (FYI, this is only available on managed devices supplied by the school).
  4. I had students take assessment online using quiz sites like Quizizz and EdPuzzle (Other teachers have used similar sites like Textivate and Go Formative).
  5. I set up assignments in Voces Digital so that students couldn’t click out of the page they were in until they had submitted their work.
  6. I saved all texts as an image before I uploaded them so students couldn’t easily cut/paste it into a translation program.
  7. I recorded myself speaking in the target language, which I then uploaded to Padlet and Flipgrid for students to respond to.
  8. I uploaded Google Slides presentations to Pear Deck with embedded questions that students answered in real time.

As the quarter ended, I thought long and hard about how to report grades on student report cards. Here is how I calculated students’ letter grades:

  1. My three summative scores counted for 60% of my students’ grade. They consisted of one reading assessment loosely based on the Interpretive Reading section of the AAPPL test completed on a locked Chromebook and two self-reflection score sheets (one at the midpoint and one at the end of the quarter) asking students to comment on their classroom engagement and language proficiency gains.
  2. My graded formative scores counted for 40% of my students’ grade. Those scores came from any graded assignment that would be difficult for students to do dishonestly. Most of those came from Voces Digital, Edpuzzle, Flipgrid, or Google Forms in locked mode.
  3. I did NOT put zeroes in my gradebook for missing assignments. If students had twenty grades but only submitted fifteen assignments, I calculated their grade out of those fifteen that they did, and then I described their work ethic (or lack thereof) in the comments section of the report card.

At first I was skeptical about how accurately this would reflect student performance, but it turns out that almost none of those students with multiple missing assignments ended up getting an “A” for the quarter, for two reasons. First, their lack of consistent practice made it more difficult for them to score well on the reading assessment and on graded formative assignments that they did turn in. Second, when faced with questions about their own work habits and proficiency development on the self-reflection score sheets, students had no choice but to assess their ability and practice accurately as lower than those of their classmates who were working consistently. When I explained this to students and parents, I used a sports analogy. Students on a track team who train consistently are usually going to outperform those students who don’t practice regularly and/or improve their overall personal time. Language proficiency is no different.

Can I say that my assessments and final grades are 100% accurate in measuring student performance and growth? No, of course not. If students want to cheat, they will certainly find a way to do it. But I have definitely tried to make it as difficult as possible for them to be able to. I also can’t say that I was able to make my quarter grades 100% equitable because so much is beyond my control (student attendance, home environment, and so on), but I am doing all I can to be fair. And while I would prefer not having to give letter grades at all, I’m doing my best so that the grades students earn reflect their honest ability in the language spite of inequities they may be dealing with outside of my class.

The ABCs of Providing CI Through Remote Instruction: X is for eXtend that Text

In any comprehensible input (CI) language class, students do lots of reading. This year in my French 1 class, I am using an CI-based online program that is chock full of stories called Notre Histoire (see this post for more information). In addition, as part of a number of strategies I use in class, like Special Person Interviews, Storyasking, and Movie Talks, I create texts with my students using the Write and Discuss strategy that I talked about in this post.

Last year, I started doing an activity that I call “Extending the Text.” Basically, I take a text that students are very familiar with (either one from Notre Histoire that we have reviewed extensively or a Write and Discuss text that the class has created together) and I ask them follow-up questions designed to elicit more details from them. Then I add those details to my original text, resulting in a piece of writing that has more complexity but still retains comprehensibility. With any luck, exposure to these more complex texts will help students increase their level of proficiency.

Here is an example. Let’s say that your class is in the middle of a TPRS story. You have established the main character and his problem. You have added parallel characters and have established a few details about them too. You do a Write and Discuss activity and end up with a text like the one below:

There is a boy. The boy is John. John lives in Memphis, Tennessee in a house with Madison. Madison is a girl. There is another boy. The boy is Jack. Jack lives in an apartment in Santa Fe, New Mexico with John Cena.

Now it is time to extend the text, which I will do by asking questions. Maybe I feel that my students need more practice using adjectives. In that case I might ask, “What is John like?” Maybe they need practice talking about how old people are. In that case, the logical question is, “How old is Jack?” Maybe I want to reinforce structures students need to express likes and dislikes, so in that case I’ll ask, “What does Madison like to do?” Then I’ll add those answers to my original text, thus extending it. My new text might look like this below (new additions are in italics):

There is a boy. The boy is John. John is tall. He is 21 years old. He has brown hair and blue eyes. He is shy but friendly. He likes to read and play soccer. John lives in Memphis, Tennessee in a small, blue house with Madison. Madison is a girl. She is eighteen years old. She is medium height. She has red hair and green eyes. She is very smart. She likes to study chemistry. There is another boy. The boy is Jack. Jack is very friendly and generous. He is 22 years old. He likes to draw and paint. Jack lives in an old apartment in Santa Fe, New Mexico with John Cena.

Like any good CI strategy, the higher the level, the more complex the structures. In an upper level class, my original text would be in a past tense, and my questions designed to elicit more information and subsequent sentences I added to the original text would be more complex. So that original text above about John might look like this below in an advanced class after doing some TPRS:

There was a boy who was named John. John lived in Memphis, Tennessee in a house with Madison. Madison was a girl. There was another boy. The boy’s name was Jack. Jack lived in an apartment in Santa Fe, New Mexico with John Cena.

After asking questions to elicit more information, my new text in the advanced class might look like this one below (new additions are in italics):

There was a boy whose name was John. John was 21 years old. John was tall with brown curly hair and blue eyes. He had a small mole on his cheek. He liked to read and play soccer. He started playing soccer when he was five years old. John lived in Memphis, Tennessee in a house with Madison. John moved to Memphis when he was fifteen. Before that, he lived in Nashville. John met Madison in high school. Madison was a girl. She was also 21 years old. She had lived in Memphis her whole life. She was studying to be a doctor. There was another boy. The boy’s name was Jack. Jack was very friendly and generous. He was 22 years old. He started drawing and painting when he was in middle school. He wanted to become an artist. Jack lived in an old apartment in Santa Fe, New Mexico with John Cena.

At the Novice level, I find that fictional texts are the easiest to stretch, since it gives students more freedom when trying to stretch out the text. Non-fiction texts are too restrictive and require more specific vocabulary, so I would save those for upper-levels.

I started using this technique when teaching face-to-face, but it is very easy to adapt to remote teaching. While on Zoom or Google Meet, all teachers need to do is paste the original text into a shared document, share the screen, and ask students for details, which they can share by unmuting themselves or typing suggestions in the chat. Then teachers would just type any additional details into the document. They can even add italics or highlighting to separate the original text from the additions if they want to.

And the absolute best thing about this particular strategy is that it takes almost no prep. All you need is a text that students are familiar with and you’re good to go. If you decide to try this, let me know how it goes!

The ABCs of Providing CI Through Remote Instruction: W is for Write and Discuss

Write and Discuss is a strategy that I learned at a workshop with Tina Hargaden of CI Liftoff. (If you would like more details about Tina’s workshop, click here and here. As I recall, Tina did not invent the Write and Discuss strategy, but started using it in her classes pretty early on). Simply, put, it is a strategy where the teacher and the students in class write a summary of whatever they have been talking about in class using the TL and then they talk about it. The teacher usually begins the Write and Discuss by starting a sentence in the target language (I often start mine with “There is/There are”) and then stopping to ask students to complete the sentence. For example, if the class just read a story about a boy in school, their writing process may be the following exchange (I have written this in English in case anyone reading this doesn’t speak Spanish or French):

Teacher writes: There is…

Teacher asks: Class, what is there? Is there a girl or a boy?

Class says: A boy.

Teacher finishes the sentence by writing “a boy” and says: There is a boy…What is his name?

Class: Marvin.

Teacher says: There is a boy…class, what else do I need to add before Marvin so this sentence is complete?

Class: Who is called.

Teacher writes “who is called Marvin.” Teacher says: Where is he?

Class: At school

The teacher then continues asking questions and coaxing sentences out of the students until they have a complete paragraph about the subject. Then the teacher reads the entire completed paragraph out loud. The teacher may ask the class to translate either whole sentences or isolated words as the teacher reads. Once the class and the teacher have finished reading and translating, the teacher then may decide to point out writing conventions or words and phrases that illustrate grammar patterns in the text (If you’re a visual learner like me, here is a video of a Write and Discuss activity in a Spanish class to help visualize what this looks like in a regular class). A possible follow-up activity the next day may be a short assessment about the paragraph.

Before the pandemic, Write and Discuss was a strategy I used once every week or two weeks. I wrote out our paragraphs by hand because it was good for my slow processors. I had a special easel, paper, and markers that I used when doing a Write and Discuss, and if my students misbehaved, I could obligate them to write down the paragraph in their notebooks, which usually quieted and calmed them down (It’s an AWESOME bailout move for anyone with a rowdy or hyper class).

When our school buildings closed in the United States due to the pandemic, many world language teachers tried to readjust their teaching approaches for the remote environment. Although Write and Discuss was not an activity that I could do with my students (I was not providing synchronous instruction then), I did get a chance to see Mike Peto demonstrate Write and Discuss in a Spanish class over Zoom. Adapting this activity to the virtual environment was actually pretty simple. All he had to do was set up a white board behind him and conduct a Write and Discuss activity the same way that he would do it with students in front of him. Students could unmute themselves to suggest additions to sentences or write a suggestion in the chat. Mike also allowed students with lower proficiency levels to suggest in English if they wanted to contribute but didn’t know enough words in Spanish. So simple! In the following picture, you can see how he set up his workspace for virtual Write and Discuss.

(If you’re a Spanish teacher and want to purchase transition word magnets like Mike’s, you can find them on his website. Disclosure: I have no affiliations with him or his products. I just like sharing tools that are easy, free, and/or help World Language teachers provide more CI to their students.)

Now that I’m back in the classroom in a hybrid model, I have started using modified Write and Discuss activities in my class. Unfortunately, I have to type on a computer because I can’t use my easel in a way that the students at home can see it without blocking my view of the students in front of me (Hybrid teaching STINKS! It’s like trying to dribble a basketball with your right hand while simultaneously trying to eat a plate of spaghetti with your left). But at some point, I am pretty sure that my school will switch to either full remote or full in person instruction, and either way, I am prepared to incorporate Write and Discuss.

The ABCs of Providing CI Through Remote Instruction: V is for Voces Digital

If you are a French or Spanish teacher who is teaching remotely, you may want to check out a fairly new online book series made by Teacher’s Discovery called Voces Digital. In the past, I have spoken about how much I don’t like textbooks because they are not designed specifically with comprehensible input (CI) teaching in mind. And while I still prefer to teach without a textbook, having pre-made activities to do with my students thanks to Voces Digital has saved my sanity during both remote and hybrid instruction.

Disclosure: I have no affiliations with Teacher’s Discovery or with Voces Digital. I just like sharing tools that help World Language teachers provide more CI to their students. 

Voces Digital has two different series in both French and Spanish for levels one through four. One series is a traditional textbook series and the other is a CI series. The French CI series is called Notre Histoire and the Spanish CI series is called Nuestra Historia (Voces also has a series for ESL, which uses a combination of CI and traditional approaches, and other language series are in the works). Here’s just some of what the series offers:

  • Six units, each one based on one of the AP language themes (Families and Communities, Contemporary Life, Personal and Public Identities, Global Challenges, Beauty and Aesthetics, and Science and Technology).
  • Four short stories and four long stories per unit, each with vocabulary to pre-teach and multiple post-reading activities to reinforce and demonstrate comprehension
  • Multiple texts about the French and Spanish speaking world designed to reinforce intercultural competency
  • “Pop up” grammar explanations
  • Embedded videos and audio recordings
  • Safeguards to prevent students from cheating
  • End-of-Unit Integrated Performance Assessments (IPAs)
  • An online gradebook that automatically corrects multiple choice, fill-in-the-blank, and true/false activities
  • The ability to edit pages to tailor the content to the ability levels and individual needs of students

And these are just the features I was able to think of just off the top of my head! If that entices you to investigate further (and I think it should), you can sign up for a free two-week trial and explore the program yourself.

So what’s the downside? First, the cost may be prohibitive. I have one-year access to and unlimited student accounts for one title (Notre Histoire 1) and it costs $500 a year. That’s a hefty chunk of change for many school districts. But the good news is that teachers can get a decent discount if they purchase multiple titles (and let’s face it…if you teach high school, it’s highly unlikely that you only teach one level of language).

In addition, I don’t find the program to be naturally intuitive (When an online program needs nineteen videos so teachers can learn how to use it, one has to wonder…is this the absolute best design possible?). I don’t recommend that you ask students to use the program independently until you have demonstrated how it works with them. And since the program is still a work in progress, it has some glitches here and there (I repeatedly tell my students that if they can’t complete a single activity after working on it for 30 minutes, they should stop and notify me that they had an issue in case it is due to a technical problem). But the good news is that the creators of this program are extremely receptive to emails about technical glitches and suggestions to improve the product and are willing to work with schools or individual teachers as needed.

As the pandemic continues, I have no way of knowing if and when I will be back to business as usual. But until that happens, I’m very grateful to have this program to access for CI readings and activities. Mind you, I don’t use it every day, but I still like knowing that I can rely on this when I need to!

The ABCs of Providing CI Through Remote Instruction: U is for Universal Curriculum

A few years ago, I stumbled upon Lance Piantaggini‘s Universal Language Curriculum. His Latin curriculum has two main parts. The first part contains two main essential questions, which are, “Who am I/Who are we?” and “Who were the Romans?” The second part of his curriculum is a heavy emphasis on high frequency verbs (You may have heard other comprehensible input teachers talk about the Super Seven or Sweet Sixteen verbs). In all of his lessons, he strives to present materials in which he uses lots of high frequency verbs and to provide a partial answer to his essential questions.

I have been working to set up my curriculum using a similar model . As a French and Spanish teacher, my first question is still “Who am I/Who are we?” but second question becomes either “Who are the French speakers?” or “Who are the Spanish speakers?” I make a point to put emphasis on speakers of the language and not residents of the country where the language originated to be more inclusive. Focusing on high-frequency verbs and the first essential question helps students progress according to the ACTFL Proficiency Scale, and focusing on the second essential question helps students develop intercultural competence.

This curriculum framework has given me the freedom to present material on almost anything as long as it answers those two essential questions in some way and includes lots of high-frequency verbs. In class, I usually have an idea of what I want to talk about on any given day, but the foundations of the curriculum gives me the flexibility to let the conversation flow to anything the students want to talk about. So while we may start out by talking about what students did over the weekend, one student may say something that sparks a conversation, and the next thing I know, we’re talking about whether or not Batman is a superhero if he has no superpowers or if pineapple should be put on pizza. It doesn’t matter, because all of that conversation still leads to answers to our first essential question (“I like Batman. My favorite food is pepperoni pizza.”).

While I do allow students to lead our conversations, I still try to steer our conversations to topics that are AP themes and that invite comparison between my students and students in the French-speaking world or Spanish-speaking world. One good theme to talk about is school. Some high-frequency verbs you might use include is, goes, does, and has. Then you’d need to expose students to vocabulary they can use to talk about what classes and teachers they have and like, school materials they need for each class, and what activities they do in their classes (verbs like to read, to draw, to sing and so on). This partially answers the first essential question (“I am a student in middle school. My favorite classes are art and science. In art, I draw and paint. In science class, we learn about the biology of plants and animals”). Then you can explore material about schools in the French and Spanish speaking worlds and start to compare their schools with your students’ school in the United States. You’ll still use high-frequency verbs and say things like they are, they go, they do, and they have to talk about students in other countries, and you’ll use we are, we go, we do, and we have when making comparisons. This answers the second essential question (“In France, students go to school for twelve years. In secondary school, they go to school for five days but have a half-day on Wednesday. At the end of secondary school, students take a test. The test is called le Baccalauréat.” Students study very hard for the test.”)

While teaching remotely, I found that I wasn’t able to introduce as many topics or structures. The same things is true now that I teach in a hybrid model. In spite of this, I found and continue to find that following a Universal Curriculum has been fortuitous. I don’t have to worry about not being able to “cover” a certain topic or structure the way I used to when I taught using a traditional grammar-based curriculum or even a unit-based curriculum. The way I see it, students will still be able to answer those essential questions at the end of the year and will have had exposure to those high-frequency structures. They just may not be able to answer those essential questions as thoroughly or use those high-frequency structures as easily as students may have in previous years. That is our unfortunate reality right now, because a magic formula to speed up proficiency just doesn’t exist. In the current state of things, I just need to remind myself that my students still will make some gains in proficiency this year, and just be happy with that.

The ABCs of Providing CI Through Remote Instruction: T is for Talking Pets

The TPRS conference in Agen, France was virtual this year, which is the only reason I got to attend. One of the most talked-about events at the conference was Tammy Ruijgrok‘s presentation about creating asynchonous classroom videos (if you want to see what she examples of her videos, click here).

Tammy teaches Dutch to very young children (ages 4-7). Like most kids, her students LOVE animals, which is why her cat Figgy is heavily featured in her videos. According to Tammy, Figgy speaks Dutch. And by using an app called My Talking Pet, she recorded a video in which her cat actually DOES speak Dutch!

Disclosure: I have no affiliations with My Talking Pet. I just like sharing tools that are easy, free, and/or help World Language teachers provide more CI to their students. 

Here is the video she made in which she interviews her cat. Start at 9:11 for the interview, or else watch the whole thing. It is absolutely precious.

After I watched Tammy’s presentation, I started thinking about the stories that second language teachers tell in their CI (comprehensible input) classes. So many of us talk about animals in our classes. How fun it would be to feature talking animals in those lessons! And it’s not just little kids like the ones in Tammy’s class who love animals. Animal appreciation is pretty universal (Case in point: My 75-year-old mother DEFINITELY loves her dog more than she loves me). I decided that this was definitely something I wanted to explore, so I downloaded the app on my phone and started playing with it.

Using the app is easy. After downloading it and creating an account, you upload a picture of an animal from your phone. The app then locates the animal’s eyes and mouth (which you can also adjust, because it isn’t perfect) to make the speech line up accurately with the picture. You record yourself speaking (you can adjust the speed and pitch of the voice too), and when you’re done, the app combines the speech with the picture. You can then download your video and use however you want.

I decided to add subtitles to the videos I made using my computer’s video editing software for double input, which I then uploaded to my Bitmoji classroom. Once classes begin, I’ll use them as an input activity.

Here is one of my videos. The running joke between this video and the one about my other cat Gus is that Zoé loves Gus but he can’t stand her. Will I spin this into a TPRS story? Maybe…

Like most apps, you have the choice between using the free version or a paid version. The free version limits the length of your videos and the number of videos you can save and download (only two). You’ll also have to put up with the logo in the corner of your clip. For unlimited use without the logo, you need to upgrade to the paid version (If you don’t care about the logo but want to create and save more than two videos, you can delete the app from your phone and reinstall it, which will cause the app to reset itself so you create two more videos. At some point I am sure the company will fix the glitch, but for now it works. If that’s too unethical for you but you still don’t want to pay for the app, you can download the free version on the phone(s) of a generous family member or friend to use).

I am constantly looking for new ways to deliver high-quality, compelling CI to my students. I’ll add the use of this app to my list of classroom strategies for sure. I won’t just limit myself to cats or dogs either. Why not turtles, goats, or elephants?

The ABCs of Providing CI Through Remote Instruction: S is for Snap Camera

Most young people are familiar with Snapchat, the social media platform that allows users to send visual messages from their phones to each other using special filters on their pictures and videos to alter their appearance. The filters do things like exaggerate facial features, gives the user animal ears and noses, and many other crazy possibilities (If you are unfamiliar with Snapchat, below are some examples of what pictures and videos look like with Snapchat filters).

My friend Amy Marshall is a comprehensible input (CI) teacher who uses Snapchat to create short videos for her Spanish classes in which she retells TPRS (Teaching Proficiency Through Reading and Storytelling) stories. Not only do her students love her videos, but they serve as another source of CI for them (More CI = increased language proficiency). When I saw her workshop on this, I was intrigued, but I had difficulties figuring out how to use Snapchat, and found the process of having to transfer videos from my phone to my computer and then turning multiple clips into one video too time-consuming.

Then this year, Snap Camera was released, which is basically Snapchat for your computer. You can download the app onto your computer that, when opened, gives you the chance to use the same types of filters you’ll find on Snapchat. Installation is very fast and easy, and using the program is super simple. Basically, once you open the app, you will see a choice of filters (as in the picture below). Once you choose the one you want, it will be applied to your face, and you’re good to go.

Disclosure: I have no affiliations with Snap Camera. I just like sharing tools that help World Language teachers provide more CI to their students. 

I see two advantages to having Snap Camera. First of all, it completely streamlines the process of making videos like Amy’s. Now instead of having to download video clips from my phone to my computer and use video editing software to stitch them all into one video, all I have to do is choose my filter, open up my video recording software (like Loom or Screencastify), and start recording. If I want to change my filter, I just pause my recording, change filters, continue until I have finished, and then save my video to my computer. Easy peasy.

The second advantage of having Snap Camera on my computer is that I can use it when I am video conferencing using software like Zoom. And while it’s nice to use a filter to make it look as if I am wearing eye shadow or a hat (because I haven’t put on makeup or cut my hair since March), the real reason why I like using Snap Camera with Zoom is because my filter becomes something else I could talk about in the target language (TL) when holding Zoom meetings.

I recently took a Mandarin class on Zoom in which the teacher, the amazing Annick Chen, used a Snap Camera filter to make it look as if she had a cat on her head. Then we all learned the word for cat in Mandarin (māo) and spent the next five minutes or so talking about the cat on Annick’s head, which then led to a longer discussion about students’ pets. It was both compelling and fun, and I will NOT forget the word “māo” any time soon!

As I have mentioned before, I was not allowed to use Zoom to conduct synchronous classes when teaching remotely, but I could to use it for virtual office hours. I used the chance to see what Snap Camera filter I would have in office hours as an incentive to get students to “attend” these meetings (although personally I think this only worked because I teach middle school students, who are easy to excite). As a French teacher, I was especially excited for the filter that made it look as if I had multiple loaves of French bread on my head.

My friends who use MacBooks report that they have no issues using Snap Camera on their computers. I have a Microsoft Surface, and I find that Snap Camera can be a little glitchy. I almost always need to restart my computer to get the program to run, and while it works relatively well with Zoom, it doesn’t always play nicely with video recording programs like Flipgrid or Loom. But I will also admit that user error on my part my be part of the reason I have issues with it. If you have a computer similar to mine, give Snap Camera a try and see if you have more luck getting it to run consistently than I do!

The ABCs of Providing CI Through Remote Learning: R is for Reading Activities

When I first transitioned to teaching with comprehensible input (CI), the blog post I found the most helpful was Keith Toda‘s Todally Comprehensible Latin. He has one page on his blog that is an absolute gold mine. This page lists over EIGHTY ACTIVITIES that teachers can do in class to accompany reading.

Keith divides the list into Prereading, During Reading, and Postreading activities (The Postreading section is especially extensive). Some of the activities on Keith’s list are not conducive to distance learning, because they are games or activities that require students to work in groups. But many of the activities on the list can successfully be adapted to the online environment (The last four activities under Postreading are posts added after school building closed. They are great to help teachers navigate some of the technologies we may want to use while teaching remotely). As you work to keep think interesting while teaching online, make a point to bookmark this post.

Another blogger whom I consulted regularly when I was starting to experiment with CI strategies was Martina Bex‘s website The Comprehensible Classroom. It was on this website that I first learned about Smash Doodles (For more information about using Smash Doodles in a physical classroom and to see some examples, visit this post). Smash Doodles are a great activity to use to get students to engage with readings and creatively summarize what they have read.

Once most schools switched to distance learning, Immediate Immersion posted a template that students could use during distance learning to create Smash Doodles. My students used this template to summarize the book Brandon Brown Veut un Chien, which they have read using a Fluency Matters e-course. Once they finished the e-course, students created pages for the individual chapters. Below are two examples:

Once we’re officially back in school, I will create a book out of Smash Doodles to share with my students.

What are some of your go-to reading activities that you’ve had success with during remote learning? Please describe them in the comments!

The ABCs of Providing CI Through Remote Learning: Q is for Quizlet, Quizizz, and Quizalize

I have studied and/or used five different quizzing platforms these past few months while teaching remotely, (and while you may think five different platforms is overkill, I thought it was important to have a nice variety of online quiz structures so my students didn’t get bored). In this series, I have already written about two online quizzing platforms, Gimkit and Kahoot. You can see what I said about them in this post and this post. Today I’m going to talk about three other gaming platforms, Quizlet, Quizizz, and Quizalize. All five platforms can be used as assessments and to provide additional comprehensible input (CI) to students.

Disclosure: I have no affiliations with Quizlet, Quizizz, or Quizalize. I just like sharing tools that help World Language teachers provide more CI to their students. 

What is Quizlet?

Quizlet is an online learning platform that allows users to create “study sets,” which is basically a set of online flashcards. Besides interacting with a study set the same way they might interact with physical flashcards, students can also play online learning games like matching or take a practice quiz with terms in the study set. Teacher can also use study sets to create a class game called Quizlet Live.

Have I used Quizlet during normal classroom instruction? If so, how? If not, how would I use it?

Yes, I have used Quizlet many times in my classes. I use Quizlet to create study sets of essential vocabulary. My students can review the essential vocabulary on their own either in class or at home. In addition, the class has used study sets together to play Quizlet Live.

When I first started teaching with CI, I did not provide lists of vocabulary to my students, because my assumption was that they would just acquire new words naturally due to extensive classroom use. What I realized, however, is that my anxious and/or competitive students liked having a place where they could review essential vocabulary just to be sure they weren’t missing anything (Unfortunately, many students have been conditioned over the years so that they believe that all “good” teachers will explicitly present material to them and tell them which words and expressions they need to study for assessments. This is not what I do as a CI teacher, but having study sets on Quizlet makes them feel as if I’m doing that). Having a Quizlet set also came in handy as a quick bellringer activity and as a resource for students who had been absent.

Have I used Quizlet now that I’m teaching remotely? If so, how? If not, how would I use it?

Yes, I have used Quizlet for remote instrudction. As I described in this post, I use Quizlet to introduce students to new structures that they need in order to understand and complete one or more follow-up activites. For example, I recently assigned the Señor Wooly video “Qué Asco” to my fifth graders. Before they watched the video in Spanish, I asked them to review essential words in order to make the video more comprehensible. Then after watching the video, students had the option to review the Quizlet again before they completed a follow-up activity (During normal times I would still make the Quizlet set available to my students, but I would most likely present those new structures to my students interactively, like through a story or personalized questions and answers).

Do teachers need to pay for Quizlet?

Quizlet has a free version and a premium version. The free version includes advertising but it allows teachers to make as many study sets as they want. The premium version allows more options for formatting study sets. For example, that version lets teachers upload images and audio and gives teachers the ability to emphasize texts by making them bold, underlined, highlighted, or italicized. The premium version also tracks usage so teachers can monitor student progress and ensure that their students are actually interacting with the study sets.

What is Quizizz?

Quizizz is a platform that allows teachers to create online quizzes similar to those you might see on Kahoot. Unlike Kahoot, however, students can complete the quiz on Quizizz at their own pace and can take it multiple times to achieve a higher score. By default, Quizizz posts memes between each quiz question, which most students seem to like (although I did have one parent who said the memes were a waste of time, but what she didn’t realize is that all my memes were in the target language (TL), thus supplying a little sneaky CI). In addition, Quizizz gives students the chance to earn “power ups” (special privileges) for a series of correct answers. It also allows students to review before taking the quiz by giving them the chance to complete a practice round. Quizizz also keeps track of student scores that teachers can access once students have finished the quiz.

Have I used Quizizz during normal classroom instruction? If so, how? If not, how would I use it?

I have not yet used Quizizz during normal classroom instruction, but I have already thought of ways to implement it once we are back to our regular teaching model. Since Quizizz is a quick and easy way to check for understanding, it will be good to use it after we have read and reviewed a story. Since it is student-driven, students will be able to take the quiz at his/her own pace. In theory, this should cut down on cheating, since there’s no guarantee that two students sitting near each other will be on the same question.

Have I used Quizizz now that I’m teaching remotely? If so, how? If not, how would I use it?

Yes, I have used Quizizz while teaching remotely. Quizizz has a feature that allows teachers to assign a quiz as homework. I usually give one of these after my students have read a story. Students still have the option to review with a practice round before they take the actual quiz. I tell students that they must score at least 80% to earn credit for the assignment.

Do teachers need to pay for Quizizz?

No. It is completely free all the time.

What is Quizalize?

Quizalize is yet another online gaming platform that gamifies a formative assessment. It is very similar to both Quizlet and Quizizz in that it is student-paced, but two features make it a unique tool. First, it provides extensive data based on quiz outcomes for teachers to examine. Second, teachers can link content standards to quiz questions in order to determine how well students are meeting those standards, which is very convenient for standards-based grading.

Teachers have the option of either creating their own quiz or adapting someone else’s quiz for their own use. They create their classes right in Quizalize and assign classes a quiz that students access with a code. After students finish a quiz, they can see their score and the time it took them to answer each question, a list of all questions, how they answered each question, and the correct answer. After students finish the quiz, teachers have the option to program Quizalize to assign an appropriate follow-up activity based on student quiz scores (review activities for weak students, enrichment activities for strong students).

Teachers see the same individual data that students see as well as data for the whole class, which includes a list of all student scores that is color-coded based on how well students perform. They can also see data based on each question, which can help them identify areas that need reteaching and review.

Below is an example of the data that teachers can see after students take a quiz on Quizalize from the blog A Lever and a Place to Stand. The first image is part of the whole-class report and the following two images are from an individual student’s report.

Teachers who use Quizalize regularly eventually have a pretty good amount of data stored on the platform that they can use to track student progress over time.

Have I used Quizalize during normal classroom instruction? If so, how? If not, how would I use it?

No, I did not use Quizalize during normal classroom instruction, but I plan to use it in a manner similar to how I would use Quizizz during normal classroom instruction for assessments. Since Quizizz is free all the time, I would probably use it more frequently and I would save Quizalize for the assessments whose data I really want to study, like my mid-year and final assessments.

Have I used Quizalize now that I’m teaching remotely? If so, how? If not, how would I use it?

Next week is my last week of remote learning. I’ve designed a final assessment for students based on stories they have read during remote learning. As I mentioned in this post, my school is not grading traditionally for the fourth quarter, so I plan to use the data from the quiz to see how my students progressed while they were at home.

Do teachers need to pay for Quizalize?

Quizalize rivals Gimkit for the most disappointing free version. Like Gimkit, the free version of Quizalize is very limiting. Teachers can only set up three classes and five quizzes with a free account. Teachers who are interested in using Quizalize to track student performace and aligning quizzes to content standards would have to purchase a premium account.

My Final Thoughts:

Teachers are very lucky right now to have such a variety of options to spice up remote instruction. For those of use whose school year is coming to an end, now would be a good time to become familiar with these platforms in preparation for whatever the fall may bring when the new school year is supposed to begin.