The ABCs of Providing CI Through Remote Instruction: W is for Write and Discuss

Write and Discuss is a strategy that I learned at a workshop with Tina Hargaden of CI Liftoff. (If you would like more details about Tina’s workshop, click here and here. As I recall, Tina did not invent the Write and Discuss strategy, but started using it in her classes pretty early on). Simply, put, it is a strategy where the teacher and the students in class write a summary of whatever they have been talking about in class using the TL and then they talk about it. The teacher usually begins the Write and Discuss by starting a sentence in the target language (I often start mine with “There is/There are”) and then stopping to ask students to complete the sentence. For example, if the class just read a story about a boy in school, their writing process may be the following exchange (I have written this in English in case anyone reading this doesn’t speak Spanish or French):

Teacher writes: There is…

Teacher asks: Class, what is there? Is there a girl or a boy?

Class says: A boy.

Teacher finishes the sentence by writing “a boy” and says: There is a boy…What is his name?

Class: Marvin.

Teacher says: There is a boy…class, what else do I need to add before Marvin so this sentence is complete?

Class: Who is called.

Teacher writes “who is called Marvin.” Teacher says: Where is he?

Class: At school

The teacher then continues asking questions and coaxing sentences out of the students until they have a complete paragraph about the subject. Then the teacher reads the entire completed paragraph out loud. The teacher may ask the class to translate either whole sentences or isolated words as the teacher reads. Once the class and the teacher have finished reading and translating, the teacher then may decide to point out writing conventions or words and phrases that illustrate grammar patterns in the text (If you’re a visual learner like me, here is a video of a Write and Discuss activity in a Spanish class to help visualize what this looks like in a regular class). A possible follow-up activity the next day may be a short assessment about the paragraph.

Before the pandemic, Write and Discuss was a strategy I used once every week or two weeks. I wrote out our paragraphs by hand because it was good for my slow processors. I had a special easel, paper, and markers that I used when doing a Write and Discuss, and if my students misbehaved, I could obligate them to write down the paragraph in their notebooks, which usually quieted and calmed them down (It’s an AWESOME bailout move for anyone with a rowdy or hyper class).

When our school buildings closed in the United States due to the pandemic, many world language teachers tried to readjust their teaching approaches for the remote environment. Although Write and Discuss was not an activity that I could do with my students (I was not providing synchronous instruction then), I did get a chance to see Mike Peto demonstrate Write and Discuss in a Spanish class over Zoom. Adapting this activity to the virtual environment was actually pretty simple. All he had to do was set up a white board behind him and conduct a Write and Discuss activity the same way that he would do it with students in front of him. Students could unmute themselves to suggest additions to sentences or write a suggestion in the chat. Mike also allowed students with lower proficiency levels to suggest in English if they wanted to contribute but didn’t know enough words in Spanish. So simple! In the following picture, you can see how he set up his workspace for virtual Write and Discuss.

(If you’re a Spanish teacher and want to purchase transition word magnets like Mike’s, you can find them on his website. Disclosure: I have no affiliations with him or his products. I just like sharing tools that are easy, free, and/or help World Language teachers provide more CI to their students.)

Now that I’m back in the classroom in a hybrid model, I have started using modified Write and Discuss activities in my class. Unfortunately, I have to type on a computer because I can’t use my easel in a way that the students at home can see it without blocking my view of the students in front of me (Hybrid teaching STINKS! It’s like trying to dribble a basketball with your right hand while simultaneously trying to eat a plate of spaghetti with your left). But at some point, I am pretty sure that my school will switch to either full remote or full in person instruction, and either way, I am prepared to incorporate Write and Discuss.

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